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mariana de austria

Mariana of Austria or Maria Anna (24 December 1634 – 16 May 1696) was Queen of Spain from 1649 until her husband and uncle, Philip IV, died in 1665. This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 05:40. function citapers() { var x = document.getElementsByTagName("title"); document.getElementById("perscita").innerHTML = x[0].innerHTML;} Al quedarse el rey Felipe IV sin heredero masculino y viudo, era necesario buscar una nueva esposa que diese un heredero a … "[6], When Philip died on 17 September 1665, Charles was only three; Mariana was appointed regent, advised by a Regency Council, until he became a legal adult at the age of 14. On 7 October 1649, Philip married his fourteen-year-old niece in Navalcarnero, outside Madrid; from then on, she was known by her Spanish name 'Mariana.' [5], Regardless of the cause, Charles suffered ill health throughout his life, and the Spanish court was split by the struggle between his co-heirs, Louis XIV and Emperor Leopold. Dio a luz cinco hijos, pero sólo uno de los varones sobrevivió, el que reinaría con el nombre de Carlos II (nacido en 1661). Regresó a Madrid tras la muerte de don Juan (1679) y siguió ejerciendo hasta su muerte una cierta influencia en la corte, en conflicto con sus nueras. Mariana de Austria . Maria Anna was aunt to future emperors Joseph I and Charles VI, making her an ideal choice for the Austrian faction.[18]. Cargo . Mariana se convirtió en regente del reino durante la minoría de edad de su hijo. Under the influence of the 'Austrians,' in 1690 Spain joined the Grand Alliance in the Nine Years' War with France. Segunda esposa de Felipe IV y madre de Carlos II, Reina regente. . Mariana fue la segunda hija del emperador Fernando III del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico y de su primera esposa, la infanta María Ana de España, con quien tuvo seis vástagos. Pero cuando intentó prorrogar su Regencia, basándose en la inmadurez e ineptitud del joven rey, se encontró con la rebeldía de Carlos II, que asumió personalmente el poder en 1675, apoyándose en don Juan de Austria. Several other portraits of her were made, including Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo's Queen Mariana of Spain in Mourning, 1666. The Habsburgs often married within the family to retain their lands and properties, and in 1646 Maria Anna was betrothed to her cousin and heir to the Spanish throne, Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias. traducir Mariana de Austria significado Mariana de Austria traducción de Mariana de Austria Sinónimos de Mariana de Austria, antónimos de Mariana de Austria. ¿Desea reproducir alguna biografía en su web. She also appears as a detail in Velasquez' masterpiece Las Meninas which features her daughter Margaret Theresa. [15] An internal power struggle ended with Nithard becoming Ambassador to Rome in February 1669; he was succeeded by Aytona, who died in 1670 and was replaced by Valenzuela, a member of her household since 1661. Nació en Bruselas del entonces gobernador de los Países Bajos, el cardenal-infante don Fernando y de una dama cuya identidad se desconoce. Mariana de Austria. La muerte del rey Felipe IV en 1665 dejó a la reina madre como regente de la Monarquía durante la minoría de edad de su hijo Carlos II, asesorada por una Junta de Gobierno. His death three months later left her without a prospective husband and her widowed uncle Philip IV without an heir. Reina. She adopted the system of using a valido or 'favourite' established by Philip in 1620 and widely used elsewhere in Europe. La enciclopedia biográfica en línea. Her regency was overshadowed by the need to manage Spain's post-1648 decline as the dominant global power, internal political divisions and the European economic crisis of the second half of the 17th century. The inability of her son Charles to produce an heir led to constant manoeuvring by other European powers, which ultimately ended in the 1701 to 1714 War of the Spanish Succession. The first was Juan Everardo Nithard, an Austrian Jesuit and her personal confessor who came with her from Vienna; as Philip's will excluded foreigners from the Regency Council, he had to be naturalised, causing immediate resentment. Her parents had six children, of whom only Maria Anna and two brothers survived to adulthood; Ferdinand (1633-1654), and Leopold (1640-1705), elected emperor in 1658.[1]. Mariana de Austria nació en la ciudad austriaca de Wiener Neustadt el 22 o 23 de diciembre de 1634. [Nobility of Spain]", Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands, Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Eleanor, Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine, Maria Anna Josepha, Electoral Princess of the Palatinate, Maria Clementina, Hereditary Princess of Naples, Margaretha Klementine, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, Princess Karoline Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Maria Henrietta, Princess of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Elisabeth Marie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz, Margarita, Marchioness Taliani di Marchio, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mariana_of_Austria&oldid=987616359, Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Maria Ambrosia de la Concepción (7 December 1655 – 21 December 1655), Ferdinand Thomas Charles (23 December 1658 – 22 October 1659). Mariana es un espejo de las relaciones endogámicas mantenidas por los Austria de España durante los siglos XVI y XVII. Lugar nacimiento . Modern assessments of her symptoms conclude it was almost certainly appendicitis, possibly from the treatments undertaken to improve fertility. 367–385. Mariana of Austria is depicted as regent in a brief scene during the fourth episode of Juana Inés, a television mini-series centered around Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Mariana's increasingly famous and controversial subject in the colony of New Spain, produced by Canal Once. Only two of their five children survived to adulthood; in 1666, Margaret Theresa (1651-1673) married her maternal uncle Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. [11] Mariana faced issues that would have challenged the most competent ruler; Spain was financially exhausted by almost a century of continuous war, while her reign coincided with the Little Ice Age, a period of cold weather during the second half of the 17th century. Mariana se convirtió en regente del reino durante la minoría de edad de su hijo. Significado de Mariana de Austria diccionario. España. The first was Juan Everardo Nithard, an Austrian Jesuit and her personal confessorwho came with her from Vienna; as Philip's will excluded foreigners from the Regency Council, he had to be naturalised, causing immediate … [citation needed], Generations are numbered by male-line descent from, sfn error: no target: CITEREFGonzalo,_Ceballos,_Quintero2009 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDurant1963 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKnighton2005 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFGarcía-Escudero,_Ángel,_Padilla_Nieva,_Giró12009 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Habsburg, Elisabeth (eigentlich Isabella von Oesterreich)", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (1528–1587)", "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (Königin von Spanien)", "Habsburg, Margaretha (Königin von Spanien)", "Habsburg, Maria Anna (Königin von Spanien)", "Ferdinand III of Habsburg (Habsburg-Lothringen), Holy Roman Emperor", "Fernando de Valenzuela, marquis de Villa Sierra", García-Escudero, Ángel, Padilla Nieva, Giró1 2009, "The Role of Inbreeding in the Extinction of a European Royal Dynasty", https://doi.org/10.1163/15700658-00002638, "Nobiliario de los reinos y señorios de España (revisado por A. Rujula y Busel). On 6 November 1661, Mariana gave birth to her last child, Charles, later known as El Hechizado or "The Bewitched", in the belief his disabilities were caused by "sorcery." Esta criatura era hija del emperador Fernando III del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico y de la infanta María, hija de Felipe III de España. A raíz de la derrota española frente a la Francia de Luis XIV en la Guerra de Devolución (1667-68), Juan José de Austria consiguió la destitución de Nithard (1669), pero no el poder, que acabó siendo confiado a un nuevo valido, Fernando de Valenzuela. [3], It has been suggested Charles suffered from the endocrine disease acromegaly and a combination of rare genetic disorders often transmitted through recessive genes, including combined pituitary hormone deficiency and distal renal tubular acidosis. Era una mujer alegre, amiga de lujos y le gustaba divertirse. Los retratos de la reina Mariana de Austria realizados por Velázquez en su última década son muy similares entre sí. Reina consorte y regente de España (Viena, 1634 - Madrid, 1696). Between 1692 and 1699, crops failed across Europe and an estimated 5-10% of the population starved to death. Despite this, the army consisted them a humiliation; in June 1668, Joseph Malladas, an Aragonese captain living in Madrid, was executed for plotting to murder Nithard, reputedly on John's behalf. The long-running Portuguese Restoration War was the most urgent, followed in May 1667 by the War of Devolution, when France invaded the Spanish Netherlands and the Spanish province of Franche-Comté. [20] She died on 16 May 1696 at the Uceda Palace in Madrid, at the age of sixty-one; the cause is thought to have been breast cancer. Viena. Recuperado de His death was expected almost from birth; he was "short, lame, epileptic, senile and completely bald before 35,...repeatedly baffling Christendom by continuing to live. [17], Marie Louise died in February 1689, without producing an heir; as with many deaths of the period, limited medical knowledge led to allegations she was poisoned. Charles remained childless; by that time, he was almost certainly impotent, his autopsy later revealing he had only one atrophied testicle. Definición de Mariana de Austria en el Diccionario de español en línea. Madrid. Autor: Jaime Vicens Vives Mariana de Austria por Velázquez. The original is in the Prado Museum in Madrid; a copy was sent to her father Ferdinand and is held by the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. Stolicka, Ondrej. var f=new Date();document.write(f.getDate() + " de " + meses[f.getMonth()] + " de " + f.getFullYear());. [1] [2] Biografía. Reina consorte y regente de España (Viena, 1634 - Madrid, 1696). Mariana's second daughter, Maria Ambrosia, lived only fifteen days, followed by two sons, Philip Prospero (1657-1661) and Ferdinand Thomas (1658-1659). Barcelona (España). Residencia de ancianos pública en Navalcarnero, para mayores y tercera edad, la Residencia Municipal Mariana de Austria.. Puedes preguntarles tus dudas ahora y solicitarles precios o presupuesto: Mariana de Austria fue reina consorte de España como segunda esposa de Felipe IV y regente como madre de Carlos II. Viena (Austria), 23.XII.1634 – Madrid, 16.V.1696. It declared bankruptcy again in 1692 and by 1696, France occupied most of Catalonia; Mariana retained power with the support of German auxiliaries under Maria Anna's brother Charles Philip, many of whom were expelled after Mariana's death. [12], The new government also inherited a wide range of economic and political problems. el var meses = new Array ("enero","febrero","marzo","abril","mayo","junio","julio","agosto","septiembre","octubre","noviembre","diciembre"); Figura más que influyente en su gobierno habría de ser su confesor, el padre Juan Everardo Nithard, que encontró la fuerte oposición de Don Juan José de Austria, único hijo natural reconocido de Felipe IV y enemigo acérrimo de Mariana. He died in September 1679 and Marianna became regent once again; one of his final acts was arranging the marriage of Charles to 17-year-old Marie Louise of Orléans, which took place in November 1679. Dª Mariana se manifiesta también como una pésima Regente, aparta a D. Juan José de Austria de su lado granjeándose su enemistad y se entrega políticamente a su confesor, un jesuita alemán, el padre Nithard al que nombra Consejero de estado, Ministro primer consejero de Despacho e Inquisidor general, convirtiéndole de este modo en el hombre más poderoso del Reino. Mariana de Austria. Los retratos de la reina Mariana de Austria realizados por Velázquez en su última década son muy similares entre sí. Different German Perspectives on Spanish Politics in the 1670s: The Reaction of Vienna and Berlin on the Coup of Juan José de Austria in the Year 1677, JEHM 23(4), 2019, pp. MARIANA DE AUSTRIA, regente de España (1634-1696; 1665-1675).Segunda esposa de Felipe IV.La primera y única regencia de España durante la casa de Austria fue ejercida por Mariana de Habsburgo-Austria, la cual, dadas las circunstancias de su matrimonio con Felipe IV, era, a la vez madre y prima hermana de Carlos II. [10], Her son's poor health and lack of an heir led to a constant struggle between Mariana's 'Austrian' faction, and a 'French' faction, nominally led by his illegitimate half-brother, John of Austria the Younger. Spain was also divided into the Crowns of Castile and Aragon, whose very different political cultures made it almost impossible to enact reforms or increase taxes. Mariana de Austria tuvo una buena educación. [8] Even modern accounts of her reign often reflect contemporary sources that viewed women as incapable of ruling on their own and thus imply a sexual relationship. [13] The need to reduce spending resulted in the 1668 treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle and Lisbon ended the wars with France and Portugal. window.onload=function comocitar() {citapers();citaurl();} In his case, the so-called Habsburg jaw was so pronounced he spoke and ate with difficulty all his life. She adopted the system of using a valido or 'favourite' established by Philip in 1620 and widely used elsewhere in Europe. Mariana de Austria (Bruselas, 1641 - Madrid, 1715) fue una religiosa española, hija ilegítima del cardenal-infante don Fernando de Austria, que profesó en el convento de las Descalzas Reales bajo el nombre de sor Mariana de la Cruz. Ante la cuestión crucial de la sucesión de la Corona, planteada por la incapacidad de Carlos II para tener hijos, doña Mariana defendió sin éxito la candidatura de su sobrino José Fernando de Baviera. [16], In 1672, Spain was dragged into the Franco-Dutch War; Valenzuela was dismissed when Charles came of age in 1675, but Spanish policy continued to be undermined by the struggle for power. País nacimiento . Her replacement was Maria Anna of Neuburg, one of 12 children whose family reputation for fertility made them popular choices for royal marriages. The Portrait of Mariana painted by Diego Velázquez was commissioned by Philip and is the only known full-length painting of her.

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